Travelling alien countries is not only associated with sheer recreation, palm-fringed beaches and exciting exotism. Many people also think of diarrhoea, sunburn, sunstroke, bad hygiene, vermin and contagious diseases. Very unpleasant things that can spoil your holiday, I grant, but also things that can be worked against.

Diarrhoea is certainly one of these problems, travellers have to struggle against most commonly. The simple basic rule "Peel it, cook it or forget it" is quite an effective prophylaxis. So do not eat any fruits or vegetables that can not be peeled. To snack a banana, sold at the roadside by local people is much safer than to enjoy some nicely draped lettuce from the hotels' buffet. Avoid to eat any dishes that are not completely cooked. Give preferrence to a goat stew, cooked to rags in a backyard cookshop rather than to a rare steak or a shrimpsalad served at your hotel. Deny yourself to consume ice cream, drinks containing ice cubes or beverages sold in unsealed bottles. Better get one down yourself as a dessert - high-proof schnapps really has protective effect, for whatsoever reasons.

Furthermore don't forget to clean your hands thoroughly before eating. As the existence of running water and soap is not granted all the time, moist wipes should be ready at hand (also available with disinfectant). Last of all: for brushing your teeth use mineral water exclusively - and you put the almost perfect stop to Montezumas Revenge.

Free from diarrhoea you can enjoy the warming sun of Africa. But be careful - sun and heat are potential sources of danger. No matter if you stay at the sea, the wide plains or high up on the breezy plateaus of this manifold continent, always take care of appropriate sun protection. This means to wear some headgear, sun glasses and light loosefit clothes as well as to apply suncream with high SPF. Otherwise you could end up with an agonizing sunburn or sunstroke - quite well done, shivering and vomiting.

Adequate hydration is even more important. The amount of water your body needs depends on different factors including height, weight, age and sex. As a general rule - after combining the water losses through perspiration, urination and breathing in moderate climatic zones - it is recommended that the 'average person' consumes at least 2-3 litres of water each day. If you're staying in hot and or humid environments you have the capability of loosing up to triple that value. Therefore don't forget to drink plenty of water (or tea, diluted juices, isotonic beverages - no alcohol) throughout the day and throughout your holiday to maintain proper hydration levels. Don't wait until you're thirsty, because, by that time you're already experiencing a sign of dehydration. Keep yourself properly hydrated, even if you have to force yourself to drink - and your body will reward you!

Wellness means to feel at ease, physically and mentally. So do not feel shadowed or persecuted by salmonellae, pneumococcae, shigellae or other nasty bacteriea all the time. You'll never achieve conditions of sterile cleanliness. But that's no a problem at all, because a healthy body is able to compensate a good many germs. Whereas overanxiousness weakens your body's defense, makes yourself susceptible - and keeps you from enjoying your holiday to the full.

For further health tips please visit the chapters about or click the following links malaria, tsetse flies, bilharzia, vaccinations, venoms or first aid or click the following links

www.netdoctor.co.uk - diarrhoea
www.netdoctor.co.uk - heat stroke
www.mindfully.org - hydration
www.wateraid.org - hydration

If you have any supplementary informations or suggestions please don't hesitate to inform me by mail or share your experiences with all visitors of my page in my guest book.